"Spain gained the Americas and the Philippines. Besides Brazil and the Moluccas, Portugal would eventually control Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and São Tomé and Príncipe in Africa; Goa and Daman and Diu in India; and East Timor and Macau in the Far East."
Courtesy of http://en.wikipedia.org - wikipedia the free on-line encyclopedia.
It has been said before and doubtless it'll be said again leaving the Portuguese out was a BIG MISTAKE. Sid probably rushed the game too much or couldn't fit 5 powers on the start screen easily. Brazil didn't gain independence until 1825. An extra power would have made the game more fun and filled the map up a bit especially as one power leaves when Sons of Liberty Membership hits 50% through the treaty of ... to make a slot for the Royal Expeditionary Force as you can declare independence at 50% SOL, if you're really stupid, I wait to 100% and Fortresses all round. You get more liberty bells for foreign intervention and more Continental troops. Maybe they only have 4 slots in the code: 2 bits for each power, but Civ used a byte, 7 Civ's and the Barbarians. If you read the manual you'll note Sid says the historic style of the Spanish and Portuguese were so similar that he didn't think it worth including them.
The Portuguese should be confined to the area of Brazil by order of a treaty with the Pope, as was the case. They could only settle east of a dividing line demarcated by the Pope, and the Spanish west of it. Spain and Portugal had few colonial wars. They of course also got a free hand in Africa and most of Asia in the deal. To compensate the Spanish would be barred from the area of Brazil in the Americas map, and from investing (occupying) squares adjacent to Portuguese colonies or attacking Portuguese shipping except with privateers in computer generated maps. The advantage of not being threatened by the militaristic Spanish would be great but the poor food production of Brazil's terrain would counter this. This rule might be a little confusing for new players.
[ Jorge is Spanish, thus his good knowledge of Hispanic History. From the Roman province of Hispania: all of the Iberian Peninsula. I don't know what to do about Spain and Portugal having the same King. Maybe instead the treaty of ... could be replaced by Spain and Portugal or other powers joining and getting the same King. In the Americas map they would join at the set date and in the New World map any two powers could join. It would be fun if it was you! Or of course you could be forced out of the game. It is a good idea that the treaty expires, maybe like ceasefire in Civilization II. ]
Special advantage: Conversion All Missionaries function as experts. Converted Natives more likely to join Colony. Leader: Martim Afonso de Sousa Colonies: Salvador Rio de Janeiro Curitiba Manaus Recife São Paulo Santa Maria Natal Fortaleza Belem São Luis Campo Grande São Francisco Boa Vista São Gonçalo Santarem Januaria Niquelandia Uruguiana Cuiaba[ Not very realistic there are a lot of former slaves in Brazil but not many Native Americans, their main population base was the Inca and Aztec Empires. Much of northern Brazil was uncleared jungle. ]